The Kohinoor Diamond

The Kohinoor Diamond






In India, there was some such legacy in the sense of gratification and objectification, which was not only valuable but also used to describe the creation and affinity of India in that period.




             "The Era of 16th Century"

The mines of South Africa and Brazil were not discovered in 16th Century. India was famous for its Golconda Mine ( Andhra Pradesh, India) in terms of diamonds. Most of the diamonds discovered from these mines are adding beauty to the foreign museums. The famous old, precious Kohinoor Diamond was also discovered from this mine. The description of this diamond can also be found in ancient Sanskrit books. According to traditional hindi scripts, this diamond can curse the man wearing it, hence it should always be wore by women.


                           HISTORY


Kohinoor diamond was the oldest diamond in 1304 under the authority of the king  of Malwa. In the year 1339, this diamond was kept in the city of Samarkand for quite some time.


In 14th century, the diamond reached the hands of Alauddin Khilji (Ruler of Delhi). In 1526 Babur illustrated in his biography "Baburnama" that Humayun (Son of Babur) took over the wealth of Agra fort by defeating Ibrahim lodi. This diamond was then passed among the descendants of Humayun upto 17th century.


In 17th century, Shah Jahan engraved this diamond on his peacock throne. He gave this diamond to a jeweller (Hortensho Borgia) of Venice city to enhance it's lustre. However, Borgia broke the diamond into many pieces. (793 Carats ~ 186 Carats)


In 1739; King Nader Shah of Persia came to India and defeated the Mughal Emperor. He renamed it from "Babur's Diamond"  to  "Koh-e-Noor"  which means "Mountain Of Light". He was killed due to some political conflicts under his leadership. This diamond was then taken up by major general "Ahmed Shah Gurrani", who engraved it on to his bangle.


In 1813, Ahmed Shah son, Shah Shuja Gurrani was  in Lahore jail under the custody of the Sikhs. Sikh Maharaja Ranjit Singh starved the Gurrani family for basic requirements like food and water, until he handed over the diamond to M. Ranjit Singh.


In his will; M. Ranjit Singh announced to give the diamond to Odisha's Jagannath Puri Temple. 



In 1849, Britain won the second sikh war and took over the entire assets of M. Ranjit Singh as compensation of war. Lord Dalhousie took the diamond to London and gifted it to the director of  East India Company. The company in turn gifted it to Queen Victoria for financial profit. Queen Victoria decided to give the diamond a new look. In 1852, Dutch Jeweller "Canter" cut it into an Oval-Shaped diamond weighing 105.6 carats. Victoria engraved it into his crown along with 2000 diamonds into her crown. This diamond was passed among the descendants of Queen Victoria till now.






























                  

            













         


Comments

  1. Wow! That's quite a gem with a pretty "rocky" history. It seems like such a shame that it was broken and reduced in size.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Diamonds are forever as they say, and so are the memories that come with it.

    ReplyDelete

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